Sapiens contains some interesting reflections on human history, but scattered throughout the book are sections that are fanciful or just plain wrong. In particular, Harari has no idea what modern Humanism is. Claiming that there are three branches of Humanism, two of which are religious and the third including the Nazis is deeply offensive. Humanism is a compassionate, rational and scientific world view that values human flourishing and seeks to minimise the suffering of humans and other sentient creatures. It is the complete antithesis of Harari’s representation.